雷圭元《新图案学》中的设计美学思想及与《1844年经济学哲学手稿》的关系
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武汉理工大学,武汉 430070

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The Thoughts of Design Aestheticsin Lei Guiyuan’s New Patterns and Its Relationship with Marx's Manuscript of Economics and Philosophy in 1844
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Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China

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    雷圭元先生在设计美学思想上有其独特贡献,人们应该注意这份宝贵的精神遗产,从而为当代设计的审美创造提供理论依据。他的《新图案学》从三个方面体现了设计美学的丰富内涵。作为一位身处机器时代的设计师,他并不否定机器产品的审美可能性;作为一位有着丰富审美经验的设计师,他将设计美的规律理解为从人的尺度出发来设定对象,将美的法则基于人自身的尺度;作为一位有着开阔视野和宏深历史感的设计师,他认为设计的共同趣味非常重要,它是人性与天地之性的结合,是机械主义与手工艺“小趣味”的结合,也是古代希腊、埃及和中国的优秀设计传统的结合。雷圭元先生的以人的尺度为最终依据的设计美学思想,在语言表述上与马克思的《1844年经济学哲学手稿》的个别段落有相似之处。雷圭元先生的设计美学思想即使在当代也是先进、合理的,仍然可以指导当代设计审美实践,而其先进性来源,可能与他接受过《1844年经济学哲学手稿》的影响有关。

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    The work aims to fully reveal Mr. Lei Guiyuan’s unique contribution to the thoughts of design aesthetics, and remind people of paying attention to this precious spiritual heritage, thus providing theoretical basis for the aesthetic creation of contemporary design. Mr. Lei Guiyuan’s New Patterns reveals the rich connotation of design aesthetics from three aspects. As a designer in the machine age, Lei Guiyuan does not deny the aesthetic possibility of machine products; as a designer with rich aesthetic experience, he understands the law of design beauty as setting objects based on the human dimensions, and bases the law of beauty on human dimensions; as a designer with broad vision and deep sense of history, he thinks that the common interest of design is very important, it is the combination of the nature of heaven, earth and human, it is the combination of the mechanism and the“small taste”of handicraft, and it is also the combination of ancient Greek, Egyptian and Chinese excellent traditional design. Mr. Lei Guiyuan's design aesthetics based on human dimensions has similarities in language expression with the paragraph of Marx's Manuscript of Economics and Philosophy in 1844. The conclusion is Mr. Lei Guiyuan's thoughts of design aesthetics is still advanced and reasonable even in the present age, and it can still guide the contemporary design aesthetic practice, and its advanced origin may be related to his acceptance of the influence of Manuscript of Economics and Philosophy in 1844.

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张黔.雷圭元《新图案学》中的设计美学思想及与《1844年经济学哲学手稿》的关系[J].工业 工程 设计,2020,2(3):1-10. 复制

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  • 收稿日期:2020-03-29
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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-07-06
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2021全国工业设计大会强大嘉宾阵容揭晓!(10月15日—17日 重庆)
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